Stellar hydrodynamics hydrodynamic processes in the stellar interior that are important in terms of mixing for the production of the elements stellar evolution stellar evolution of both low- and intermediate mass stars and massive stars, the latter including rotation we are working towards a consistent. Understanding massive stars: evolution and nuclear burning stages, supernova explosion mechanism(s), nucleosynthesis ejecta, and their impact on chemical evolution friedrich-k thielemann dept of physics university of basel project leaders masche roland diehl max planck institute for extraterrestrial. Presupernova evolution and explosive nucleosynthesis in massive stars for main -sequence masses from 13 mʘ to 70 mʘ are calculated we examine the dependence of the supernova yields on the stellar mass, 12c(α, γ)16o rate, and explosion energy the supernova yields integrated over the initial. These are called primary elements, in that they can be fused from pure hydrogen and helium in massive stars as a result of their ejection from supernovae, their abundances increase within the interstellar medium elements heavier than nickel are created primarily by a rapid capture of neutrons in a process called the. Stars are giant nuclear reactors a star's mass determines what other type of nucleosynthesis occurs in its core (or during explosive changes in its life cycle) when these old, large stars with depleted cores supernova, they create heavy elements (all the natural elements heavier than iron) and spew them into space,. Stars with masses roughly ten times the mass of the sun die in violent explosions known as type ii supernovae element formation occurs in such massive stars both during the pre-explosion evolution and during the explosion itself the pre- explosion burning takes place in a series of stages starting with the burning of.
Massive stars and their supernovae play an important role in the universe and in the field of astronomy itself, as follows (i) the strong winds and ionizing radiation of massive stars disperse products from stellar nucleosynthesis and ionize their host galaxies  (ii) the cool winds of the red supergiant. The lightest elements (hydrogen, helium, deuterium, lithium) were produced in the big bang nucleosynthesis according to the big bang the formation of heavy elements this is the reason why it is said that most of the stuff that we see around us come from stars and supernovae (the heavy elements part. Molecular cloud molecular clouds gravitationally collapse to form stellar clusters of stars stars synthesize he, c, si, fe via nucleosynthesis most massive stars evolve quickly and die as supernovae – heavier elements are injected in space new clouds with heavier composition are formed life cycle of matter in milky way.
We briefly summarize some recent work on nucleosynthesis in massive stars and supernovae here we explore: 1) the effect of including additional sources of nucleosynthesis besides massive stars into the mixture - especially classical novae and several varieties of type ia supernovae 2) the sensitivity of. They are not exclusive and rather complimentary • cemp-no star with [c/n] ~ 0 requires rotation in a massive star • spinstar has inevitably n-rich wind ejecta • faint sn model does not need to be n-rich, if the rotation of progenitor is slow.
These are called primary elements, in that they can be fused from pure hydrogen and helium in massive stars as a result of their ejection from supernovae, their abundances increase within the interstellar medium elements heavier than nickel are created primarily by a rapid capture of neutrons in a. These clumps would eventually form galaxies and stars, and through the internal processes by which a star shines higher mass elements were formed inside the stars upon the death of a star (in a nova or a supernova) these high mass elements, along with even more massive nuclei created during the nova or supernova. Stars are born out of the collapse of small condensation areas that are scattered throughout the much larger volume of a molecular cloud the collapse can occur due to random density fluctuations or be externally triggered, eg, by shockwaves from supernovae or galaxy collisions soon after the collapse begins, a small.